Aghakhani, Nader Department of Nursing - Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery - Shiraz University of Medical Sciences , Sharif, Farkhondeh Department of Mental Health Nursing - Community Based Psychiatric Care Research Center - Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery - Shiraz University of Medical Sciences , Molazem, Zahra Department of Nursing - Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery - Shiraz University of Medical Sciences , Habibzadeh, Hosein Department of Nursing - Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery - Urmia University of Medical Sciences
Background:: Various treatments such as hemodialysis prolong the life of chronic renal failure disease patients who must tolerate many physical, emotional, social and economic difficulties. Therefore, social support is considered as a vital area of investigation for such patients.
Objectives:: In this qualitative research, a grounded theory approach was used and written as a content analysis form to study hemodialysis patients and family experience of perceived social support.
Patients and Methods:: Three nurses, 4 general practitioners, a specialist and two family members who participated were interviewed from April to September 2012 in Urmia, Iran. Interviews were guided to divulge the perception of changes in their lives, needs for social support for disease complications, and the type of treatment process. Purposive sampling continued up to data saturation. Data analysis was performed based on Strauss and Corbin Method. Constant comparison analysis was performed until data saturation.
Results:: The research results are shown in 3 steps. In the first step, 113 categories and four main themes from 993 first codes were explored. Social support was explored based on the implications of five general themes including “Perceived Threats Caused by Disease Complications”, “Searching for Social Support”, “Accessible Social Support”, “Beliefs and Values”, and “Perceived Social Support”.
Conclusions:: The core variable of our research is acceptance of the reality of the conditions caused by the disease. The research finalized our knowledge about patient problems regarding social support and revealed many problems of supporting patients by Health Team Members, family members and organizations. The findings suggest that individual aspects of patient experiences must be considered if social support is to be given and Healthcare Providers have to facilitate positive health services.