Title of article :
The Minimum Percentage of Triolein Emulsion for Studying Cerebral Vascular Permeability with Least Brain Edema
Choi, Seon Hee Department of Radiology - Pusan National University School of Medicine, Republic of Korea , Kim, Hak Jin Department of Radiology - Pusan National University School of Medicine, Republic of Korea , Hwangbo, Lee Department of Radiology - Pusan National University School of Medicine, Republic of Korea , Kim, Yong-Woo Department of Radiology - Pusan National University School of Medicine, Republic of Korea
Background: Triolein emulsion infusion into the brain produces transiently increased vascular permeability.
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to find the minimum percentage of triolein emulsion required for studying vascular permeability with minimal brain edema.
Materials and Methods: Sixty healthy cats were divided into six groups according to the concentration of emulsified triolein infused into the carotid artery: group 1, 0.125% (n = 10); group 2, 0.25% (n = 10); group 3, 0.5% (n = 10); group 4, 1% (n = 10); group 5, 2% (n = 10); and group 6, saline infusion (control group, n = 10). T2-, T1- and contrast enhanced T1-weighted MR images were obtained 2 hours after infusing triolein emulsion. Contrast enhancement ratios (CERs) and signal intensity ratios (SIRs) versus contralateral hemispheres were calculated. Statistical analysis was performed by analysis of variance followed by Tukey’s test. P values of ≤ 0.05 were considered significant.
Results: The lesion hemispheres showed mild hyperintensity due to edema on T2-weighted images, and contrast enhancement on post-contrast T1-weighted images in cats of group 1-5. CERs showed statistically significant differences between the control group and group 3 (P = 0.006), group 4 (P = 0.003), and group 5 (P < 0.001). However, SIRs were significantly different between the control group and group 5 only (P < 0.001).
Conclusion: The minimum concentration of triolein emulsion required to increase vascular permeability adequately with minimal brain edema in a cat model was 0.5%.
Triolein , Emulsions , Blood-Brain Barrier , Vascular Permeability , MRI
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