ARDAME, Ali Dept. of Clinical Psychology - Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran , BASSAKNEJAD, Soodabe Dept. of Clinical Psychology - Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran , ZARGARD, Yadollah Dept. of Clinical Psychology - Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran , ROKNI, Parisa Dept. of Psychology - International Kish College - Tehran University, Iran , SAYYAH, Mehdi Education Development Center - Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
Background: The aim of this study was examination the relationship between mindfulness and drug craving in ad-dicts undergoing methadone maintenance treatment.
Methods: The subjects of this research were 80 addicts undergoing methadone maintenance treatment selected through available sampling from four addiction treatment center in Ahvaz from March 2012 to September 2012. Two questionnaires to examine the variables of this study were the five facets mindfulness questionnaire (FFMQ) and hero-in craving questionnaire (HCQ). The data were analyzed using SPSS version 16.
Results: The Pearson correlational results indicated significant reverse relation between mindfulness factors and crav-ing sub scales (P<0.05). Besides, the regression results indicated that four factors of mindfulness such as observation, describing, acting with awareness and non-reactivity to inner experience can totally predict 48 percent of craving vari-ance (P<0.01 ).
Conclusion: There is a reverse relation between mindfulness and craving. Therefore we advise the researchers in ad-diction fields that in line with various studies that indicated effectiveness of mindfulness based interventions in im-proving various psychological problems, be researcher in effectiveness of this intervention in addiction fields. Moreo-ver, we advise the addiction therapists to use mindfulness based interventions and technics in order to reduction of emotional and cognitive problems co morbidities with addiction such as craving that is one of potential factors affect-ing survival and relapse to drug abuse.
Mindfulness , Craving , Methadone , Treatment , Addiction