Record number :
2402925
Title of article :
Evaluation of cardiac function tests in Sudanese adult patients with sickle cell trait
Author/Authors :
Abdelsalam، Kamal E.A. نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
فصلنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2016
Pages :
5
From page :
151
To page :
155
Abstract :
Latar belakang: Kelainan jantung merupakan komplikasi yang sering terjadi pada anemia sel sabit (sickle cell). Bila terjadi bersamaan dengan kelainan paru, maka akan meningkatkan angka kematian. Namun pada sickle cell trait (SCT) umumnya tampilan klinis nomal, walaupun ada kelainan genetik. Penelitian ini bertujuan mempelajari hubungan SCT dengan faktor prognostik kardiovaskular dengan mengukur kadar kolesterol HDL, LDL, kreatin kinase jantung (CK-MB), C-reactive protein ultra sensitif (usCRP), homosistein (Hyc), dan N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP), pada bangsa Sudan dewasa penyandang sickle cell trait. Metode: Suatu studi potong lintang dilakukan pada 200 penyandang SCT dan 200 dewasa sehat sebagai kontrol. Studi ini dilakukan di Khartoum Specialized Hospital, Al-Bayan Hospital, Obayed Clinical Center, dan Dr. Nadir Specialized Hospital, Sudan antara Januari 2015 dan Januari 2016. Seluruh subjek berusia antara 20–32 tahun. LDL -C, HDL-C, CKMB, NT-pro BNP dan usCRP diukur degan alat analisis kimia otomatis Hitachi 912 (Roche Diagnostic, Jerman), sedangkan homosistein diukur dengan metode ELISA menggunakan kit spesial. Hasil: Kadar LDL-C, hsCRP, dan NT-proBNP lebih tinggi secara bermakna pada kelompok sickle cell trait (p<0,001), sedangkan homosistein dan CK-MB lebih tinggi, namun tidak bermakna (p=0,069, dan p=0,054). Sebaliknya, HDL-C pada kelompok SCT lebih rendah dibanding kontrol, namun secara statistik tidak bermakna. Kesimpulan: Sickle cell trait berkaitan dengan meningkatnya faktor risiko kardiovaskuler Background: Cardiac dysfunctions have been recognized as a common complication of sickle cell anaemia (SCA), and together with pulmonary disorder accounts for many deaths in these patients. However, sickle cell traits appear clinically normal, although they have genetic abnormality. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of sickle cell trait on cardiac prognostic markers by measuring high density lipoprotein (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein (LDL-C), cardiac creatine kinase (CK-MB), ultra-sensitive C reactive protein (us- CRP), total homocysteine (Hyc), and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP) tests in adult Sudanese patients with sickle cell trait. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in 200 healthy volunteers as a control group and 200 diagnosed patients with sickle cell trait. It was carried out in Khartoum Specialized Hospital, Al-Bayan Hospital, Obayed Clinical Center and Dr. Nadir Specialized Hospital, Sudan between January 2015 and January 2016. All participants were between 20-32 years old. LDL-C, HDL-C, CK-MB, NT-proBNP and hs-CRP concentrations were measured by Hitachi 912 full-automated Chemistry Analyzer (Roche Diagnostics, Germany) as manufacturer procedure, while homocysteine level was measured by ELISA technique using special kit. Results: When compared to control group, the levels of LDL-C, hs-CRP and NT-proBNP revealed significant increase in patients’ sera (p<0.001), while Hyc and CK-MB levels were increased insignificantly in patients with SCT (p=0.069, p=0.054 respectively). On the other hand, comparison to control group, HDL-C showed insignificant reduction in patients (p=0.099). Conclusion: The results suggest that sickle cell trait increased the risk of patient-related complication secondary to cardiac dysfunction.
Keywords :
CK-MB , hs-CRP , NT-proBNP , sickle cell trait , cardiac function tests , homocysteine
Journal title :
Medical Journal of Indonesia
Serial Year :
2016
Link To Document :
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