Title of article :
The Relationship between Environmental, Cultural and Chronological Factors with the Frequency, Cause and Type of Burn Injuries Admitted to the Trauma and Burn Center Motahari Hospital
Aghakhani ، K نويسنده Department of Forensic Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , , Kazemzadeh ، N نويسنده Department of Forensic Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , , Mehrpisheh ، Sh نويسنده Children Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , , Ghiasvand ، M نويسنده Faculty of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , , Memarian ، A نويسنده Department of Forensic Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran ,
Issue Information :
فصلنامه با شماره پیاپی 0 سال 2013
Background: One of the most important health associated problem are events, which burns considered the most common of them. To prevent burn and reduce the complication and mortality rate, accurate information of epidemiology of burn is essential for planning properly. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between environmental and cultural factors and the type, cause and extent of burn injuries admitted to the trauma and burn center of Motahari hospital during 1386 to 1390.
Methods: In this routine data base study, we recruited all burned patients which referred to trauma and burn center of Shahid Motahari hospital between 2007 and 2011. Main variables including economic conditions, season of occurrence of the accident, the accident to curried on special occasions, year of accident, accident status on holidays, type of injury, cause of injury, injury severity, burn area, and demographic variables such as age and gender were entered in checklist from patient’s documents. Collected data were entered into software SPSS version 11 and were analyzed.
Results: 5511 patients were admitted to Motahari hospital during the April of 1386 to the end of 1390, from which 1448 (26.3%) cases were female and 4063 (73.7%) male. The mean age of subjects was 28.47 (SD=1.88). There was significant difference between different gender and etiology, so that men were burned more by oil, gasoline and diesel fuel rather than women. There was significant difference about the number of burned cases by the flame at different seasons of the year. Average number of people burned by gas cylinders, electricity, car accident, bitumen was significantly different in different seasons.
Conclusion: There were significant differences about burn injuries due to the gas cylinders, bitumen, electricity and car accidents in different seasons and months. To inform burn centers, principal ship of these data increases their ability to manage populated and harmful days. According to the higher rate of explosive burn injury in the last month of the year producing harmless explosive materials can be so effective to support patients lives.
Journal title :
International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Forensic Medicine