Title of article :
Demographic Characteristics of Pediatric Burn in Shahid Motahhari Hospital from 2007-2011
Aghakhani ، K نويسنده Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , , Mehrpisheh ، Sh نويسنده Children Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , , Memarian ، A نويسنده Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , , Taheri، I نويسنده Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran ,
Issue Information :
فصلنامه با شماره پیاپی 0 سال 2013
Background: Severe burn is one of the major causes of
morbidity and mortality in children and adolescents and is third
most common cause of death among this age group. The aim
of this study was to evaluate demographic characteristics of
pediatric burn over a period of 5 years and the relationship
between cause mortality in patients with burns.
Method: In this cross sectional study, documents of children
under 15 years, in Shahid Motahari hospital between 2007 and
2011 was evaluated. Variables such as age, sex, stay duration
in hospital, burn cause, severity, accident cause burns and
outcome of patients finally entered in SPSS v.16 and were
Results: In this study, 416 patients (34/8%) were female and
780 (65/2%) were male. Factors for burns in children include
boiling water in 674 cases (56/4%), flame in 190 patients
(15/9%), burns with flammable materials in 131 cases (11%),
burns with a hot meal for 113 people (9/4%) and other hot
bodies in 30 patients (2/5) and steam burns in 3 (0/3%).
Increasing in burned body surface was significantly associated
with mortality (P value= < 0.001). Burn severity in children
who died was more than other children (P value= < 0.001).
Also burn etiology was significantly different in patients who
died and patients were discharged (P Value= 0.003).
Conclusion: Based of the results of this study, burn in boys
was more than girls and was common inpatients under 2 years
of age. Thermal burns were the most common type of burns in
children (95/4%) and hot water were also the most important
cause in thermal burns in children (56/4%).Burn extent in the
majority of children (75%), was less than 30% of the body
surface and burns between 50 to 100% occurred in 6/3% of
cases. Average stay duration in the hospital was 12/8 days and
mortality rate was 7/2%. Area and depth of the burn injury
were the most important determinants of mortality.
Journal title :
International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Forensic Medicine