Retinal vein occlusion (RVO) is a common retinal vascular occlusive disorder and is associated with a variety of systemic risk factors. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the underlying diseases were evaluated and managed appropriately by ophthalmologists. We performed a study of 1344 patients with retinal vein occlusion (RVO). Patients were evaluated with a questionnaire including ten closed questions to determine whether ophthalmologists evaluated and informed their patients about the underlying systemic diseases. None of the patients’ homocysteine levels were measured. Only a small percentage of the patients were asked about the history of thrombotic diseases or family history of thrombotic diseases. We believe that most ophthalmologists are still not entirely convinced of their responsibility of managing the underlying predisposing factors of RVO. Ophthalmologists should either manage or engage other healthcare providers in the management of RVO to guarantee the patient the best care.