Record number :
2383708
Title of article :
Distribution and Antimicrobial Resistance Profile of Yersinia Species Isolated From Chicken and Beef Meat
Author/Authors :
Aghamohammad، Shadi نويسنده Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran Aghamohammad, Shadi , Jor gholami، Mehrdad نويسنده Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran Jor gholami, Mehrdad , Dabiri، Hossein نويسنده , , Rahimzadeh، Ghazal نويسنده Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran , , Souod، Negar نويسنده Department of Microbiology, Jahrom Branch, Young Researchers Club, Islamic Azad University, Jahrom, Iran Souod, Negar , Goudarzi، Hossein نويسنده Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences , , Sardari، Soheil نويسنده Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran , , Mohammadzadeh، Alireza نويسنده Gonabad University of Medical Sciences ,
Issue Information :
فصلنامه با شماره پیاپی 0 سال 2015
Pages :
1
From page :
0
To page :
0
Abstract :
Foodborne diseases are widespread and growing public health problem in developed and developing countries. There are many microorganisms act as etiological agents for foodborne diseases such as Campylobacter spp., Listeria, Staphylococcos, Salmonella, Bacillus, Yersinia spp. High prevalence of gastrointestinal illness, including fatal cases attributable to yersiniosis, is also observed in many developing countries. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of Yersinia enterocolitica and other Yersinia species in meat and chicken samples in various seasons and to determine their antibiotic resistance profile. To investigate the prevalence of Yersinia spp., a total of 450 samples, including chicken (n = 226) and beef meat (n = 224) were collected from supermarkets in Tehran. All samples were transported on ice to the laboratory and microbiological analysis was carried out within 2 hours after the collection. Susceptibility testing of bacterial strains was according to CLSI guideline at 28?C by the disk diffusion assay. From a total of 450 samples, (226 chickens and 224 beef meats), 70 (15.5%) samples were positive for Yersinia spp. Of these isolates, (80%) 56 species were identified as Y. enterocolitica, 8 (11%) as Y. frederiksenii, 5 (7%) as Y. intermedia and 1 (1.4%) as Y. kristensenii. The highest rate of resistance was seen against cephalotin (98%), and ampicillin (52%). However, gentamicin and chloramphenicol were the most active antibiotics against the target cultures. Considering the season of isolation, Yersinia spp. were frequently isolated in autumn (52%), followed by spring (29%). Y. enterocolitica was the most spp. distributed among other species. Many factors, such as isolation assay, season, and geographical location play critical role in reports of increase or decrease in the prevalence of the Yersinia spp. all over the world. Our findings demonstrate that the isolation ratio of Y. enterocolitica and other species is higher in colder regions. Most of the isolates were resistant to first generation cephalosporins (cephalothin). The most active antimicrobial agents were choloramphenicol, aminoglycozide and sulfunamdes. Regarding to the high sensitivity of Yersinia spp. to gentamicin and chloramphenicol, these antibiotics would be the choice for the treatment of Yersinia infections
Journal title :
International Journal of Enteric Pathogens
Serial Year :
2015
Link To Document :
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