Cheng، نويسنده , , W.H. and Peale، نويسنده , , S.J. and Lee، نويسنده , , Man Hoi، نويسنده ,
The orbits of Pluto’s four small satellites (Styx, Nix, Kerberos, and Hydra) are nearly circular and coplanar with the orbit of the large satellite Charon, with orbital periods nearly in the ratios 3:1, 4:1, 5:1, and 6:1 with Charon’s orbital period. These properties suggest that the small satellites were created during the same impact event that placed Charon in orbit and had been pushed to their current positions by being locked in mean-motion resonances with Charon as Charon’s orbit was expanded by tidal interactions with Pluto. Using the Pluto–Charon tidal evolution models developed by Cheng et al. (Cheng, W.H., Lee, M.H., Peale, S.J. . Icarus 233, 242–258), we show that stable capture and transport of a test particle in multiple resonances at the same mean-motion commensurability is possible at the 5:1, 6:1, and 7:1 commensurabilities, if Pluto’s zonal harmonic J 2 P = 0 . However, the test particle has significant orbital eccentricity at the end of the tidal evolution of Pluto–Charon in almost all cases, and there are no stable captures and transports at the 3:1 and 4:1 commensurabilities. Furthermore, a non-zero hydrostatic value of J 2 P destroys the conditions necessary for multiple resonance migration. Simulations with finite but minimal masses of Nix and Hydra also fail to yield any survivors. We conclude that the placing of the small satellites at their current orbital positions by resonant transport is extremely unlikely.
Dynamics , satellites , Pluto , resonances , Satellites , tides , orbital , solid body , Formation , satellites