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Title of article :
First disk-resolved spectroscopy of (4) Vesta
Author/Authors :
Carry، نويسنده , , Benoît and Vernazza، نويسنده , , Pierre and Dumas، نويسنده , , Christophe and Fulchignoni، نويسنده , , Marcello، نويسنده ,
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روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2010
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Abstract :
Vesta, the second largest Main-Belt Asteroid, will be the first to be explored in 2011 by NASA’s Dawn mission. It is a dry, likely differentiated body with spectrum suggesting that is has been resurfaced by basaltic lava flows, not too different from the lunar maria. e present the first disk-resolved spectroscopic observations of an asteroid from the ground. We observed (4) Vesta with the ESO–VLT adaptive optics equipped integral-field near-infrared spectrograph SINFONI, as part of its science verification campaign. The highest spatial resolution of ∼90 km on Vesta’s surface was obtained during excellent seeing conditions ( 0.5 ″ ) in October 2004. erve spectral variations across Vesta’ surface that can be interpreted as variations of either the pyroxene composition, or the effect of surface aging. We compare Vesta’s 2 μm absorption band to that of howardite–eucrite–diogenite (HED) meteorites that are thought to originate from Vesta, and establish particular links between specific regions and HED subclasses. The overall composition is found to be mostly compatible with howardite meteorites, although a small area around 180°E longitude could be attributed to a diogenite-rich spot. We finally focus our spectral analysis on the characteristics of Vesta’s bright and dark regions as seen from Hubble Space Telescope’s visible and Keck-II’s near-infrared images.
Keywords :
adaptive optics , Asteroid Vesta , Asteroids , surfaces , Infrared observations
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