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Title of article :
Mobility of a remobilised parabolic dune in Kennemerland, The Netherlands
Author/Authors :
Arens، نويسنده , , S.M. and Slings، نويسنده , , Q. and de Vries، نويسنده , , C.N.، نويسنده ,
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روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2004
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Abstract :
A parabolic dune in the Netherlands was remobilised in December 1998 by removing vegetation and soil. The main aim of the experiment was ecological: to investigate whether permanent rejuvenation at the landscape scale is possible by restoration of natural processes. If processes can be reactivated at coarse scale, periodic rejuvenation of the landscape over the long term is possible, without the need for managers to interfere further. The experiment provides the opportunity to address another important question: can large parabolic dunes in the Netherlands be mobile in the present climate? Mobility of the dune is investigated by means of erosion pins, aerial photography and measurement of cross sections. Activity indices are derived from erosion pin recordings and correlated to weather conditions. From 1999 to 2001, displacement of the dune ranged from 0 to 12 m in east–northeasterly direction. Activity of the dune is related to wind conditions, but the relationship is strongly influenced by precipitation and therefore differs for wet and dry periods. Periods with extreme wind speeds resulted in much less geomorphic change than expected.
Keywords :
Dune Management , Parabolic dunes , sand transport , Erosion pins , Dune mobility , Activity index
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