Arens، نويسنده , , S.M.، نويسنده ,
Short term field measurements of aeolian transport, using a saltiphone, indicate that actual rates of transport deviate considerably from the potential rates predicted by transport equations. When examined in detail, however, potential rates are approached during special conditions: mostly when the wind blows offshore, parallel or slightly oblique to the beach and relative humidity is below 85%. Also, the potential rates of transport may be approached when wind speeds considerably exceed threshold speed, even during showers. The main cause of the large deviation of actual from potential rates is in the absence of transport during very wet conditions (prolonged rainfall) regardless of wind speed, and the variation of threshold velocity with time. The threshold velocity increases during wet conditions, with onshore winds or because of the presence of algae. Therefore, potential transport is defined as the transport optimum. To predict the actual rates of transport accurately, insight into the variation of the threshold velocity is essential. Aeolian transport of sand seems to be related to moderate events and not to extreme events, conforming to the principle of magnitude and frequency.