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Title of article :
A discrete cohesive model for fractal cracks
Author/Authors :
Wnuk، نويسنده , , Michael P. and Yavari، نويسنده , , Arash، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2009
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Abstract :
The fractal crack model described here incorporates the essential features of the fractal view of fracture, the basic concepts of the LEFM model, the concepts contained within the Barenblatt–Dugdale cohesive crack model and the quantized (discrete or finite) fracture mechanics assumptions proposed by Pugno and Ruoff [Pugno N, Ruoff RS. Quantized fracture mechanics. Philos Mag 2004;84(27):2829–45] and extended by Wnuk and Yavari [Wnuk MP, Yavari A. Discrete fractal fracture mechanics. Engng Fract Mech 2008;75(5):1127–42]. The well-known entities such as the stress intensity factor and the Barenblatt cohesion modulus, which is a measure of material toughness, have been re-defined to accommodate the fractal view of fracture. ry small cracks or as the degree of fractality increases, the characteristic length constant, related to the size of the cohesive zone is shown to substantially increase compared to the conventional solutions obtained from the cohesive crack model. In order to understand fracture occurring in real materials, whether brittle or ductile, it seems necessary to account for the enhancement of fracture energy, and therefore of material toughness, due to fractal and discrete nature of crack growth. These two features of any real material appear to be inherent defense mechanisms provided by Nature.
Keywords :
Fractal fracture , Fractal crack , cohesive model , Discrete fracture
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