Record number :
2338722
Title of article :
Production of biodiesel from non-edible Jatropha curcas oil via transesterification using Bi2O3–La2O3 catalyst
Author/Authors :
Y.H. and Rabiah Nizah، نويسنده , , M.F. and Taufiq-Yap، نويسنده , , Y.H. and Rashid، نويسنده , , Umer and Teo، نويسنده , , Siow Hwa and Shajaratun Nur، نويسنده , , Z.A. and Islam، نويسنده , , Aminul، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2014
Pages :
6
From page :
1257
To page :
1262
Abstract :
The simultaneous esterification and transesterification of Jatropha curcas oil (JCO) was carried out in the presence of Bi2O3 (1–7 wt.%) modified La2O3 catalyst at atmospheric pressure. The catalyst were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), BET surface area, desorption of CO2 (TPD-CO2) and NH3 (TPD-NH3). Under the optimal reaction condition of methanol/oil molar ratio of 15:1, 2 wt.% of catalyst amount and a reaction temperature of 150 °C for 4 h, the highest conversion of biodiesel obtained was 93%. This catalyst maintained 87% of FAME conversion after three times of successive reuse.
Keywords :
biodiesel , Jatropha curcas oil , Bi2O3–La2O3 , Transesterification , Heterogeneous catalyst
Journal title :
Energy Conversion and Management
Serial Year :
2014
Link To Document :
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