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Title of article :
Stocks and dynamics of bacterioplankton in the northwestern Sargasso Sea
Author/Authors :
Carlson، نويسنده , , Craig A. and Ducklow، نويسنده , , Hugh W. and Sleeter، نويسنده , , Thomas D.، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 1996
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Abstract :
We examined seasonal variations of bacterioplankton stocks and distributions in the upper 250 m in the Sargasso Sea near Hydrostation S and the U.S. JGOFS Bermuda Atlantic Time-series Study (BATS) site during 1987–1988 and 1991–1994. Mean vertical profiles of bacterial abundance, cell volume, and 3H-thymidine and 3H-leucine incorporation rates varied seasonally, and distribution patterns were correlated with physical mixing in the fall and winter. Conversion factors for 3H-thymidine and 3H-leucine incorporation were determined empirically to be 1.63 and 0.078 x 1018 cells mol−1, respectively. Integrated bacterial biomass and production within the euphotic zone were low compared to other oceanic sites and ranged between 241–411 mg C m−2 and 11–36 mg C m−2 day−1, respectively. al variation in bacterial biomass and production was observed; however, the range of variation was less than two-fold despite a five-fold range in primary production. Bacterial biomass (BB): phytoplankton biomass (PB) ratios remained high during the summer and fall, with bacterial biomass dominating the chl a-C estimates at times, and BB:PB ratios decreased in the winter and spring due to increased phytoplankton production. Low bacterial production (BP):phytoplankton production (PP) ratios were observed for all seasons. Although BP:PP ratios were low, growth efficiencies observed in this region indicate that carbon flux through seasonal BP could account for 17-> 100% of seasonal PP. The small response of bacterial production during and after a phytoplankton bloom may indicate that the majority of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) that accumulates in post bloom conditions is of semi-labile quality, resulting in slow bacterial oxidation of DOC.
Journal title :
Deep-sea research part II: Topical Studies in oceanography
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