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Title of article :
Seasonal along-isobath geostrophic flows on the west Florida shelf with application to Karenia brevis red tide blooms in Floridaʹs Big Bend
Author/Authors :
Carlson، نويسنده , , Daniel F. and Clarke، نويسنده , , Allan J.، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2009
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Abstract :
TOPEX/Poseidon/Jason1 (T/P/J) sea surface height (SSH) measurements along tracks 91 and 15, crossing the wide West Florida continental shelf (WFS), were used to estimate seasonal across-shelf SSH gradients. SSH gradients and the knowledge that geostrophic flow approximately follows the isobaths enable estimation of the seasonal along-isobath geostrophic flows. The calculated along-isobath geostrophic flows are southeastward from December to March and northwestward in June, August, and September. The along-isobath geostrophic component of the flow is most likely small during the remaining months and, thus, not discernable in T/P/J SSH measurements. In agreement with previous theoretical, modeling, and observational work, the mid-shelf seasonal surface flow appears to be driven largely by the seasonal along-shore wind stress. Theory for flow driven by seasonal heat flux suggests negligible flow near the surface and on the bulk of the shelf away from the shelf break. a brevis, the Gulf of Mexico ‘red tide’ organism, usually blooms on the southern/central WFS during late summer/early fall. It is likely that the northwestward along-isobath flow in June, August, and September is capable of transporting K. brevis blooms northward to the Big Bend shelf region during these months. K. brevis blooms in 2005 and 2006 are used as a case study to examine the northward transport mechanism. Above-average northwestward along-shore wind stress due to hurricane activity in the Gulf of Mexico most likely resulted in the northward transport of K. brevis in 2005. Conversely, a K. brevis bloom in 2006 most likely remained on the central WFS as a result of below average along-shore wind stress in 2006.
Keywords :
Seasonal currents , red tides , West Florida , 24°N–31°N , 87°W–81°W
Journal title :
Continental Shelf Research
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