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Title of article :
A simulation of the Chilean Coastal Current and associated topographic upwelling near Valparaيso, Chile
Author/Authors :
Aiken، نويسنده , , Christopher M. and Castillo، نويسنده , , Manuel I. and Navarrete، نويسنده , , Sergio A.، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2008
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Abstract :
A 4-year simulation of the surface circulation driven by the local wind on a section of the central Chilean coast is presented. The model is shown to reproduce the major observed features of the circulation. Comparison to observations of sea-surface temperature (SST) taken within the study area suggests that the model captures well coastal upwelling processes in the region. The circulation is shown to have two distinct modes corresponding to spring/summer and autumn/winter. During spring/summer sustained strong south-westerly wind forcing drives an equatorward coastal jet consistent with the Chile Coastal Current (CCC) and coastal upwelling at previously identified locations of intense upwelling at Topocalma Point and Curaumilla Point. Weaker winds during autumn/winter produce a slower CCC and a more homogenous SST field. Upwelling/relaxation and topographic eddies provide the main sources of variability on sub-seasonal time-scales in the model. The mechanisms responsible for each of these are discussed. Upwelling at Topocalma and Curaumilla Points is shown to be produced through generation of an upwelling Ekman bottom boundary layer following acceleration of the CCC close to the coast, reinforced by secondary circulation due to flow curvature around the headlands. Additional upwelling occurs north of Curaumilla Point due to development of shallow wind-driven overturning flow. Wind-sheltering is shown to be an important factor for explaining the fact that Valparaيso Bay is typically an upwelling shadow. Flow separation and eddy formation within Valparaيso Bay is seen to occur on the order of 10 times per year during relaxation after strong wind events and may persist for a number of weeks. Shorter lived topographic eddies are also seen to occur commonly at Topocalma and Toro Points. These eddies are shown to form in response to the surface elevation minima produced at each of these locations during upwelling.
Keywords :
Coastal oceanography , upwelling , Chile , Chile Coastal Current , sea-surface temperature , Topographic eddies
Journal title :
Continental Shelf Research
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