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Title of article :
Ground penetrating radar imaging and time-domain modelling of the infiltration of diesel fuel in a sandbox experiment
Author/Authors :
Bano، نويسنده , , Maksim and Loeffler، نويسنده , , Olivier and Girard، نويسنده , , Jean-François، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2009
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Abstract :
Ground penetrating radar (GPR) is a non-destructive method which, over the past 10 years, has been successfully used not only to estimate the water content of soil, but also to detect and monitor the infiltration of pollutants on sites contaminated by light non-aqueous phase liquids (LNAPL). We represented a model water table aquifer (72 cm depth) by injecting water into a sandbox that also contains several buried objects. The GPR measurements were carried out with shielded antennae of 900 and 1200 MHz, respectively, for common mid point (CMP) and constant offset (CO) profiles. We extended the work reported by Loeffler and Bano by injecting 100 L of diesel fuel (LNAPL) from the top of the sandbox. We used the same acquisition procedure and the same profile configuration as before fuel injection. The GPR data acquired on the polluted sand did not show any clear reflections from the plume pollution; nevertheless, travel times are very strongly affected by the presence of the fuel and the main changes are on the velocity anomalies. We can notice that the reflection from the bottom of the sandbox, which is recorded at a constant time when no fuel is present, is deformed by the pollution. The area close to the fuel injection point is characterized by a higher velocity than the area situated further away. The area farther away from the injection point shows a low velocity anomaly which indicates an increase in travel time. It seems that pore water has been replaced by fuel as a result of a lateral flow. We also use finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) numerical GPR modelling in combination with dielectric property mixing models to estimate the volume and the physical characteristics of the contaminated sand.
Keywords :
GPR , reflection , Vadose zone , Water table , LNAPL , réflexion , Saturated zone , Zone non saturée , Zone saturée , Fuel contamination , Finite difference time domain modelling , Géoradar , Zone contaminée au gasoil , Modélisations numériques en domaine temporel par différences-
Journal title :
Comptes Rendus Geoscience
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