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Title of article :
Foraminiferal faunal evidence for Glacial–Interglacial variations in the ocean circulation and the upwelling of the Gulf of Tehuantepec (Mexico)
Author/Authors :
Arellano-Torres، نويسنده , , E. and Machain-Castillo، نويسنده , , M.L. and Contreras-Rosales، نويسنده , , L.A. and Cuesta-Castillo، نويسنده , , L.B. and Ruiz-Fernلndez، نويسنده , , A.C.، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2013
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Abstract :
Three marine sediment cores from the Gulf of Tehuantepec (Eastern Tropical North Pacific) were used to determine variations in upwelling intensity and surface circulation patterns over the last 26 kyr BP. Changes in foraminiferal assemblages at glacial-interglacial timescale indicate a sequence of three major palaeoceanographic events in the study area: (1) The Late Pleistocene (including the Last Glacial Maximum, LGM), dominated by a Neogloboquadrina dutertrei–Globorotalia menardii assemblage, indicative of a stable thermocline, stratified water column and greater persistence of warm equatorial waters in the region. (2) The Termination 1, dominated by a Globigerinita glutinata assemblage, which indicates mixed surface water and transitional conditions between upwelling and stratified water column episodes. Changes in sedimentation rates and a clear reduction of the faunal abundances at this time, could be the result of eustatic sea level change. (3) The Holocene, dominated by a Globigerina bulloides–Globigerinoides ruber assemblage, indicates periods of elevated productivity, intense upwelling and the establishment of the modern ocean conditions. These findings are consistent with climate model results that suggest that regional surface ocean and upwelling conditions are mostly linked to changes in atmospheric circulation over the Laurentide Ice Sheet and shifts in the latitudinal position of the Intertropical Convergence Zone.
Keywords :
planktonic foraminifera , water masses , upwelling , Eastern tropical pacific , Holocene , LGM
Journal title :
Marine Micropaleontology
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