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Title of article :
Implications of carbon flux from the Cascadia accretionary prism: results from long-term, in situ measurements at ODP Site 892B
Author/Authors :
Carson، نويسنده , , Bobb and Kastner، نويسنده , , Miriam and Bartlett، نويسنده , , Douglas and Jaeger، نويسنده , , John and Jannasch، نويسنده , , Hans and Weinstein، نويسنده , , Yishai، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2003
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Abstract :
A 403-day in situ field experiment at Ocean Drilling Program Site 892B sought to quantify the flux of methane along a fluid-active fault and to experimentally determine rates of methane hydrate and authigenic carbonate deposition associated with fluid expulsion from the borehole. An instrument package was deployed that osmotically sampled fluid, measured borehole pressure and flow rates, and contained reaction chambers in which deposition of gas hydrates and carbonates was anticipated, and from which microbial communities might be extracted. Flow is highly variable in the three-phase water–methane system that exists at Site 892B. Flow rates fluctuate over two orders of magnitude in response to tidally induced pressure variations and gas hydrate formation and dissociation. Hydrate formation began 45 days into the experiment and reduced the initial flow (∼2 l/day) to 20 ml/day. Unexpectedly, the hydrate destabilized after about 125 days. Tidally induced flow reversals are common (∼25% of time) in this setting characterized by ‘overpressured’ pore waters. These reversals pump sulfate-rich bottom water into near-surface sediments where Archaea anaerobically oxidize CH4 and induce carbonate precipitation. At the sediment–water interface, authigenic carbonates are undergoing dissolution. Methanotrophs dominated the microbial community where fluid is discharged to ambient seawater. All expelled methane is apparently oxidized in the water column.
Keywords :
fluid expulsion , gas hydrates , authigenic carbonates , Accretionary prism , Oregon Margin
Journal title :
Marine Geology
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