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Title of article :
Chemical and isotopic relationships between peridotite xenoliths and mafic–ultrapotassic rocks from Southern Brazil
Author/Authors :
Carlson، نويسنده , , Richard W. and Araujo، نويسنده , , Ana Lucia N. and Junqueira-Brod، نويسنده , , Tereza C. and Gaspar، نويسنده , , José Carlos and Brod، نويسنده , , José Affonso and Petrinovic، نويسنده , , Ivan A. and Hollanda، نويسنده , , Maria Helena B.M. and Pimentel، نويسنده , , Marcio M. and Sichel، نويسنده , , Suzanna، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2007
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Abstract :
Peridotite xenoliths from the late-Cretaceous Alto Paranaíba and Goiás mafic–alkalic magmatic provinces of central and southeast Brazil reveal the existence of compositionally and temporally distinct lithospheric mantle beneath these areas. Garnet and spinel–lherzolites and spinel–harzburgites from the Alto Paranaíba province are generally depleted in Ca, Al and Re, which indicates that they are residues of melt extraction. Old Re-depletion model ages (average 2.4 Ga) for these peridotites show that this area is underlain by the early-Proterozoic to late-Archean melt-depleted lithospheric mantle of the São Francisco Craton. In contrast, spinel–lherzolites from the Goiás alkalic province, located 500–600 km northwest of the Alto Paranaiba province, have major- and trace-element compositions similar to modern fertile mantle. Most Goiás peridotites have fertile mantle 187Os/188Os (0.1261–0.1292), but two samples with lower 187Os/188Os define Re-depletion model ages of ∼ 1.2 Ga. mpositional distinction between the lithospheric mantle samples is mirrored in the kamafugitic rocks of these two provinces, which suggests that the composition of these magmas was strongly influenced, or determined entirely, by the lithospheric mantle. Most of the kamafugitic rocks have 187Os/188Os higher than observed for peridotite, which suggests that the source of these magmas is a mixture of lithospheric peridotite of varying age, veined and/or interlayered with various olivine-poor components. The relatively limited range in Sr, Nd, and Hf isotopic composition of the mafic–alkalic magmas indicates that the olivine-poor component was added regionally, overprinting the incompatible-element characteristics of the lithospheric mantle beneath these provinces. The age of metasomatism in the lithospheric mantle of this area is poorly constrained, but the isotopic characteristics of the mafic–alkalic magmatism suggest that this event may have occurred during the mid- to late-Proterozoic assembly of the Brasília mobile belt.
Keywords :
alkalic volcanism , Lithospheric mantle , radiogenic isotopes , xenoliths , Igneous geochemistry , Brazil
Journal title :
Chemical Geology
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