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Title of article :
Quantifying overwash flux in barrier systems: An example from Marthaʹs Vineyard, Massachusetts, USA
Author/Authors :
Carruthers، نويسنده , , Emily A. and Lane، نويسنده , , D. Philip and Evans، نويسنده , , Rob L. and Donnelly، نويسنده , , Andrew D.، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2013
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Abstract :
Coastal barriers are particularly susceptible to the effects of accelerated sea-level rise and intense storms. Over centennial scales, barriers are maintained via overtopping during storms, which causes deposition of washover fans on their landward sides. Understanding barrier evolution under modern conditions can help evaluate the likelihood of future barrier stability. This study examines three washover fans on the undeveloped south shore of Marthaʹs Vineyard using a suite of vibracores, ground penetrating radar, high resolution dGPS, and LiDAR data. From these data, the volumes of the deposits were determined and range from 2.1 to 2.4 × 104 m3. Two of these overwash events occurred during Hurricane Bob in 1991. The water levels produced by this storm have a calculated return interval of ~ 28 years, implying an onshore sediment flux of 2.4–3.4 m3/m/yr. The third washover was deposited by a norʹeaster in January 1997, which has a water level return interval of ~ 6 years, suggesting a flux of 8.5 m3/m/yr. These onshore fluxes are smaller than the erosional flux of sediment resulting from shoreline retreat, suggesting that the barrier is not in long-term equilibrium, a result supported by the thinning of the barrier in recent years.
Keywords :
overwash flux , barrier system , storm impacts , Sea-level rise , Coastal evolution
Journal title :
Marine Geology
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Link To Document :