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Title of article :
Towards the methodological optimization of the moss bag technique in terms of contaminants concentrations and replicability values
Author/Authors :
Ares، نويسنده , , A. and Fernلndez، نويسنده , , J.A. and Carballeira، نويسنده , , A. and Aboal، نويسنده , , J.R.، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2014
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Abstract :
The moss bag technique is a simple and economical environmental monitoring tool used to monitor air quality. However, routine use of the method is not possible because the protocols involved have not yet been standardized. Some of the most variable methodological aspects include (i) selection of moss species, (ii) ratio of moss weight to surface area of the bag, (iii) duration of exposure, and (iv) height of exposure. In the present study, the best option for each of these aspects was selected on the basis of the mean concentrations and data replicability of Cd, Cu, Hg, Pb and Zn measured during at least two exposure periods in environments affected by different degrees of contamination. The optimal choices for the studied aspects were the following: (i) Sphagnum denticulatum, (ii) 5.68 mg of moss tissue for each cm−2 of bag surface, (iii) 8 weeks of exposure, and (iv) 4 m height of exposure. Duration of exposure and height of exposure accounted for most of the variability in the data. The aim of this methodological study was to provide data to help establish a standardized protocol that will enable use of the moss bag technique by public authorities.
Keywords :
Biomonitoring harmonization , Heavy metals , Air quality , atmospheric deposition , Environmental tool
Journal title :
Atmospheric Environment
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