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Title of article :
Importance of direct anthropogenic emissions of formic acid measured by a chemical ionisation mass spectrometer (CIMS) during the Winter ClearfLo Campaign in London, January 2012
Author/Authors :
Bannan، نويسنده , , Thomas J. and Bacak، نويسنده , , Asan and Muller، نويسنده , , Jennifer B.A. and Booth، نويسنده , , A. Murray and Jones، نويسنده , , Benjamin and Le Breton، نويسنده , , Michael and Leather، نويسنده , , Kimberley E. and Ghalaieny، نويسنده , , Mohamed and Xiao، نويسنده , , Ping and Shallcross، نويسنده , , Dudley E. and Percival، نويسنده , , Carl J.، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2014
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Abstract :
Formic acid, an ubiquitous trace gas in the atmosphere, was measured using a chemical ionisation mass spectrometer (CIMS) during the winter ClearfLo campaign in London, 2012. Daily calibrations of formic acid gave sensitivities of 3 ion counts s−1 pptv−1 for the complete campaign and a limit of detection of 2 ppt. No correlation with nitric acid was observed, R2 of 0.137, indicating no significant secondary source of formic acid. However, a strong positive correlation with NOx, CO, and production in line with rush hour periods indicated a direct anthropogenic emission of formic acid from vehicle emissions. Peaks of 6.7 ppb of formic acid were observed with a mean of 610 ppt. Global models indicated that this emission source dominates in the northern hemisphere where global models underestimate formic acid most significantly, thus increasing the accuracy of modelling of global formic acid emissions.
Keywords :
Formic acid , CIMS , ClearfLo , Troposphere
Journal title :
Atmospheric Environment
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