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Title of article :
Comparison of two thermal-optical methods for the determination of organic carbon and elemental carbon: Results from the southeastern United States
Author/Authors :
Cheng، نويسنده , , Yuan and Zheng، نويسنده , , Mei and He، نويسنده , , Kebin and Chen، نويسنده , , Yingjun and Yan، نويسنده , , Bo and Russell، نويسنده , , Armistead G. and Shi، نويسنده , , Wenyan and Jiao، نويسنده , , Zheng-Mao Sheng، نويسنده , , Guoying and Fu، نويسنده , , Jiamo and Edgerton، نويسنده , , Eric S.، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2011
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Abstract :
A total of 333 PM2.5 samples were collected at four sites in the southeastern Aerosol Research and Characterization Study (SEARCH) network during four seasons from 2003 to 2005 and were simultaneously analyzed by two common thermal-optical methods, the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) method and the Interagency Monitoring of Protected Visual Environments (IMPROVE) method. The concentrations of total carbon measured by the two methods were comparable, whereas the split of organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) was significantly different. The NIOSH-defined EC was lower (up to 80%) than that defined by IMPROVE since the NIOSH method applied the transmittance charring correction and a much higher peak inert mode temperature. The discrepancy between NIOSH- and IMPROVE-defined EC showed distinct seasonal and spatial variations. Potential factors contributing to this discrepancy besides the analytical method were investigated. The discrepancy between NIOSH- and IMPROVE-defined EC was larger in the spring compared to winter due to the influence of biomass burning, which is known to emit significant amount of brown carbon that would complicate the split of OC and EC. The NIOSH-defined EC to IMPROVE-defined EC ratio reached its minimum (0.2–0.5) in the summer, when the largest discrepancy was observed. This was most likely to be attributed to the influence of secondary organic aerosol (SOA). Moreover, the discrepancy between NIOSH- and IMPROVE-defined EC was larger in the coastal and the rural sites where the presence of abundant SOA was found based on previous studies in this region, providing supporting evidence that SOA could contribute to the observed discrepancy in summer.
Keywords :
carbonaceous aerosol , TOT , TOR , secondary organic aerosol , Brown carbon
Journal title :
Atmospheric Environment
Journal title :
Atmospheric Environment
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