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Title of article :
Central power generation versus distributed generation – An air quality assessment in the South Coast Air Basin of California
Author/Authors :
Carreras-Sospedra، نويسنده , , Marc and Vutukuru، نويسنده , , Satish and Brouwer، نويسنده , , Jacob and Dabdub، نويسنده , , Donald، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2010
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Abstract :
This study assesses the air quality impacts of central power generation and compares them with the impacts of distributed generation (DG). The central power plant emissions factors used are from a newly installed combined cycle gas turbine system. Because location of power plants is a key parameter affecting air quality impacts, this study considers three potential locations for the installation of central power plants. Air quality impacts are evaluated for the South Coast Air Basin of California, in the year 2010, using a three-dimensional air quality model. Results are compared to air quality impacts from two potential DG scenarios to meet the same power demand as that of the central power plant case. hough emissions from central generation are lower than emissions from the DG technology mix considered herein, central generation concentrates emissions in a small area, whereas DG spreads emissions throughout a larger cross-section of the air basin. As a result, air quality impacts from central generation are more significant than those from DG. The study also shows that assessment of air quality impacts from distributed and central generation should not only consider emissions levels, but also the spatial and temporal distribution of emissions and the air quality that results from atmospheric chemistry and transport – highly non-linear processes. y, analysis of population exposure to ozone and PM2.5 shows that central generation located in coastal areas upwind from populated areas would cause the highest population exposure and even though emissions from central generation are considerably lower than DG emissions spread throughout the basin, results show that central generation causes a higher pollutant exposure than DG.
Keywords :
Central generation , Distributed generation , air quality modeling , Reactivity
Journal title :
Atmospheric Environment
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