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Title of article :
Natural arsenic attenuation via metal arsenate precipitation in soils contaminated with metallurgical wastes: III. Adsorption versus precipitation in clean As(V)/goethite/Pb(II)/carbonate systems
Author/Authors :
Vaca-Escobar، نويسنده , , Katherine and Villalobos، نويسنده , , Mario and Ceniceros-Gَmez، نويسنده , , Agueda E.، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2012
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Abstract :
Soil contamination with As and potentially harmful metals is a widespread problem around the world especially from mining and metallurgical wastes, which release substantial amounts of these elements to the environment in potentially mobile species. Recently, it has been found that in various Mexican soils contaminated with these types of wastes, arsenate is not in the form of sorbed species on Fe oxides present in the soils, as generally reported in the literature, but in the form of very insoluble compounds such as Pb, Cu and Ca arsenates. Here a thermodynamic model is applied and validated with the results from wet chemical experiments to determine the fundamental geochemical conditions governing the mobility of As in the presence of Pb. For this purpose, a relatively simple but fundamental system of goethite (α-FeOOH)/As(V)/Pb(II)/carbonate was defined as a function of the As(V)/Fe(III) ratio, in a pH range of 5–10. The speciation model included the simultaneous inclusion of triple layer surface complexation and arsenate precipitation equilibria. The model predicts that from very low total As(V)/Fe(III) molar ratios (0.012 at pH 7) the precipitation mechanism significantly influences the attenuation of As(V), and rapidly becomes the dominant process over the adsorption mechanism. Model results identify the quantitative conditions of predominance for each mechanism and describe the transition conditions in which relatively large fractions of adsorbed, precipitated and dissolved As(V) species prevail. Experimental measurements at selected As(V)/Fe(III) ratios and pH confirmed the predictions and validated the coupled thermodynamic model utilized.
Journal title :
Applied Geochemistry
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