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Title of article :
From once-through nuclear fuel cycle to accelerator-driven transmutation
Author/Authors :
إlander، نويسنده , , Alexandra and Dufek، نويسنده , , Jan and Gudowski، نويسنده , , Waclaw، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2006
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Abstract :
In this study simulation of different nuclear fuel cycle scenarios are performed. The reference scenario corresponds to a medium size nuclear power country, with 10 light water reactors (LWRs). The study addresses long-term, equilibrium fuel cycle scenarios, with and without plutonium recycling (MOX) in LWRs and transuranics (TRU) burning in accelerator-driven systems (ADS). However, also short-term phase-out scenarios, including TRU burning in ADS, are performed. The equilibrium simulation showed that four ADS units, each of 800 MWt, are sufficient to burn an amount of plutonium and americium corresponding to the build-up of those elements. The phase-out simulation of a country adopting an approach to reduce the spent nuclear fuel inventory, showed that complementary burning of TRU in three to four ADS units appear suitable. The fuel cycle simulations have been performed using the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Simulation (NFCSim) code [C.G. Bathke, E.A. Schneider, NFCSim Userʹs Manual, Los Alamos National Laboratory Report LA-UR-04-8369, 2004.] and the Monteburns code [D.I. Poston, H.R. Trellue, Userʹs Manual, Version 2.0 for Monteburns, Version 1.0, LA-UR-99-4999, 1999.].
Keywords :
Accelerator-driven systems , ADS , MOX , Monteburns , NFCSim , ORIGEN2 , Fuel cycle
Journal title :
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A
Journal title :
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A
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