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Title of article :
Enhancement of saccharin removal from aqueous solution by activated carbon adsorption with ultrasonic treatment
Author/Authors :
Bernardo، نويسنده , , Eileen C. and Fukuta، نويسنده , , Tadashi and Fujita، نويسنده , , Takafumi and Ona، نويسنده , , Erwin P. and Kojima، نويسنده , , Yoshihiro and Matsuda، نويسنده , , Hitoki، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
فصلنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2006
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Abstract :
This study investigates the use of ultrasonication as a pretreatment process and its effect on the adsorption characteristics of saccharin onto activated carbon (AC). Ultrasonic decomposition of saccharin was performed at a frequency of 500 kHz under argon and O2/N2 (20/80 vol%) atmospheres. Adsorption was carried out using a commercial activated carbon. The behavior of total organic carbon (TOC) during ultrasonication was investigated. Saccharin removal after 180 min of ultrasonication under Ar and O2/N2 atmospheres are 38% and 26%, respectively, while the amount of saccharin removed by activated carbon adsorption without US pretreatment is 40% after 16 h. After 16 h of AC adsorption with 180 min of ultrasonic pretreatment under Ar and O2/N2 atmospheres, both removal ratios increased to 75%. These results indicated that the pretreatment of sonication under O2/N2 leads to the increase in the amount of saccharin adsorbed on AC. On the other hand, the TOC removal by decomposition by ultrasound is not more than 5% in both Ar and O2/N2 atmospheres after 180 min ultrasonication. However, the TOC removal increased to 54% and 69% after 16 h of adsorption of saccharin pretreated by ultrasonication for 180 min under Ar and O2/N2 atmospheres, respectively. About 13% and 16% TOC removal in Ar and in O2/N2, respectively, were achieved due to adsorption of the by-products. It is considered that the improvement in TOC removal is also brought about by the formation of the by-products that were adsorbed onto AC.
Keywords :
Ultrasonication , AdsorptionSaccharin , Total Organic Carbon , Adsorption Capacity
Journal title :
Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
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