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Title of article :
Response of C and N transformations in birch soil to coniferous resin volatiles
Author/Authors :
Uusitalo، نويسنده , , M. and Kitunen، نويسنده , , V. and Smolander، نويسنده , , A.، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
ماهنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2008
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Abstract :
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the resin volatile compounds of two coniferous tree species, Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) on C and N transformations in soil under silver birch (Betula pendula L.). Humus layers from two study sites were used, referred here as a N-poor soil (C:N ratio 30) and a N-rich soil (C:N ratio 19.5). In addition to these, N-poor soil added with arginine was used to ensure that the soil was not N-limited. Humus layers were subjected to resin treatments during a 28-day incubation period in the laboratory. The most abundant volatile compound in both resins was α-pinene; in spruce resin β-pinene was also abundant. Resins and pure α-pinene increased CO2-C production, i.e. C mineralization, in both soils. In contrast, net N mineralization was clearly decreased in both soils, and net nitrification was completely stopped. There was no consistent effect on soil microbial biomass C or N. Based on these results, we conclude that volatile resin compounds affect C and N transformations in soil, but the mechanism behind these effects is still unclear.
Keywords :
Microbial biomass C and N , forest soil , Birch , Pine , Spruce , Resin , Alphapinene , Volatile monoterpenes , C and N transformations , Boreal forest
Journal title :
Soil Biology and Biochemistry
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Link To Document :