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Title of article :
Food composition database harmonization for between-country comparisons of nutrient data in the TEDDY Study
Author/Authors :
Uusitalo، نويسنده , , Ulla and Kronberg-Kippilن، نويسنده , , Carina and Aronsson، نويسنده , , Carin Andren and Schakel، نويسنده , , Sally and Schoen، نويسنده , , Stefanie and Mattisson، نويسنده , , Irene and Reinivuo، نويسنده , , Heli and Silvis، نويسنده , , Katherine and Sichert-Hellert، نويسنده , , Wolfgang and Stevens، نويسنده , , Mary and Norris، نويسنده , , Jill M. and Virtanen، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2011
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Abstract :
The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) Study aims at examining the associations between islet autoimmunity and various environmental exposures (e.g. diet) in Finland, Germany, Sweden and the United States (US). In order to produce comparable results from dietary assessments, the national food composition databases (FCDB) must contain mutually comparable food composition data. Systematic comparison (definition, unit of measurement, and method of analysis) of energy, protein, fats, carbohydrates, cholesterol, fiber, 13 vitamins, and 8 minerals was carried out among the FCDB of the four countries. Total fat, cholesterol, vitamin A: retinol equivalents and beta-carotene, thiamin, riboflavin, pyridoxine, vitamin B12, calcium, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, iron, and zinc are comparable across all four databases. Carbohydrates, fiber, sugars, fatty acids, vitamin D, vitamin E: alpha-tocopherol, vitamin K, vitamin C, pantothenic acid, niacin, manganese, and copper are comparable or can be converted comparable at least across three of the databases. Vitamin E: alpha-tocopherol equivalents, will be comparable across all databases after Finland and Germany subtract tocotrienols from their values. Nitrogen values were added to the Swedish and US databases. After recalculation of protein from nitrogen (Sweden and US), and subtraction of fiber from the total carbohydrate (Finland) followed by recalculations of energy, these values will be comparable across the countries. Starch and folate are not comparable.
Keywords :
Food Composition , Diet , nutrient , Food analysis , Diet study , The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young , Food data management , TEDDY Study , Food composition database harmonization
Journal title :
Journal of Food Composition and Analysis
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