Record number :
2109425
Title of article :
The iron-cofactored superoxide dismutase of Edwardsiella tarda inhibits macrophage-mediated innate immune response
Author/Authors :
Cheng، نويسنده , , Shuang and Zhang، نويسنده , , Min and Sun، نويسنده , , Li، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2010
Pages :
7
From page :
972
To page :
978
Abstract :
Edwardsiella tarda is a Gram-negative bacterium that can infect a wide variety of marine and freshwater fish and cause severe economic losses worldwide. With an aim to elucidate the virulence mechanism of E. tarda, we in this study cloned and analyzed the function of an iron-cofactored superoxide dismutase (FeSOD) from a pathogenic E. tarda strain TX01 isolated from diseased fish. FeSOD is 192-residue in length and contains domain structures that are conserved among iron/manganese superoxide dismutases. Recombinant FeSOD purified from Escherichia coli exhibits apparent superoxide dismutase activity. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR analysis indicated that FeSOD expression is significantly upregulated immediately following TX01 infection of Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) head kidney (HK) macrophages and cultured FG cells. Compared to the wild type strain TX01, the FeSOD mutant strain TXSod is (i) more sensitive to H2O2-induced oxidative damage, (ii) less resistant against serum- and macrophage-mediated bacterial killing, (iii) significantly weakened in the ability to invade into FG cells and to disseminate in fish blood and liver, and (iv) deficient in blocking macrophage respiratory burst activity and production of reactive oxygen species. Furthermore, HK macrophages infected by TXSod exhibits significantly increased expression of inflammatory cytokines compared to macrophages infected by TX01. Taken together, these results indicate that FeSOD is a virulence factor that plays an important role in the pathogenicity of E. tarda by inhibiting macrophage-mediated innate immune response.
Keywords :
Edwardsiella tarda , Virulence Factor , macrophage , innate immunity , Iron-cofactored superoxide dismutase
Journal title :
Fish and Shellfish Immunology
Journal title :
Fish and Shellfish Immunology
Serial Year :
2010
Link To Document :
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