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Title of article :
Pigment producing yeasts involved in the brown surface discoloration of ewesʹ cheese
Author/Authors :
Carreira، نويسنده , , A and Paloma، نويسنده , , L and Loureiro، نويسنده , , V، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 1998
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Abstract :
The appearance of a brown surface discoloration on Portuguese ewesʹ cheese has never previously been reported on. The regular occurrence of this defect over the past few years has caused serious financial losses to producers, which has led to growing interest in its study. This paper describes a preliminary approach to the problem, based on the hypothesis that pigment producing yeasts are involved. From a group of 51 yeast strains isolated from a number of brown cheese rinds, it was possible to distinguish four pigment producing groups: group I (12 strains), produced an extracellular brown pigment from tyrosine and alkalised the tested media; group II (21 strains), produced a diffusible, reddish-brown pigment from resorcinol and alkalised the tested media; group III (three strains), alkalised the tested media without producing any pigments; group IV (15 strains), neither produced pigments nor alkalised the media. Yarrowia lipolytica and Candida catenulata type strains were also tested and their behaviour was similar to the strains in groups I and IV, respectively. The Filobasidiella neoformans type strain was distinct from all the other groups. The identification methods used for some strains in groups I, II and III suggest that Yarrowia lipolytica species is common to all strains in group I, and that Debaryomyces hansenii is present in both groups II and III. A study of the effect of several metal ions on the production of the brown pigment from tyrosine indicated Mn2+ to be a strong activator. Evidence is provided suggesting that the browning process may be related to tyrosine Yarrowia lipolytica metabolism.
Keywords :
cheese , Pigments , Brown discoloration , Yarrowia lipolytica , Yeasts
Journal title :
International Journal of Food Microbiology
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