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Title of article :
Culture, category salience, and inductive reasoning
Author/Authors :
Choi، نويسنده , , Incheol and Nisbett، نويسنده , , Richard E and Smith، نويسنده , , Edward E، نويسنده ,
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روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 1997
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Abstract :
The role of category salience in category-based induction was demonstrated in two ways: (i) temporarily increasing category salience facilitated category-based induction, and (ii) this effect was moderated by cultural differences that we predicted would be related to chronic category salience. Subjects for whom categories were presumed to be more accessible (Americans) were not as much influenced by manipulations to increase category salience as subjects who were presumed to have lower chronic accessibility of categories (Koreans). However, as anticipated, this pattern was reversed for inferences about behavioral properties of social categories. Due to the `interdependentʹ nature of their culture, Koreans presumably have relatively higher chronic accessibility for social categories than do relatively `independentʹ Americans, and hence were not influenced as much by increasing category salience.
Keywords :
CULTURE , Category salience , Inductive Reasoning
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