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Title of article :
Characterization of a murine model of intranasal infection suitable for testing vaccines against C. abortus
Author/Authors :
Buendيa، نويسنده , , A.J. and Nicolلs، نويسنده , , L. and Ortega، نويسنده , , N. and Gallego، نويسنده , , M.C. and Martinez، نويسنده , , C.M. and Sanchez، نويسنده , , J. and Caro، نويسنده , , M.R. and Navarro، نويسنده , , J.A. and Salinas، نويسنده , , J.، نويسنده ,
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Abstract :
Mouse models have been widely used to test candidate vaccines against Chlamydophila abortus infection in mice. Although the induction of a systemic infection by endogenous or intraperitoneal inoculation is a useful tool for understanding the immune mechanism involved in the protection conferred by the vaccination, a different approach is necessary to understand other factors of the infection, such as mucosal immunity or the colonization of target organs. To test whether C. abortus intranasal model of infection in mice is a useful tool for testing vaccines in a first group of experiments mice, were infected intranasally with C. abortus to characterize the model of infection. When this model was used to test vaccines, two inactivated experimental vaccines, one of them adjuvated with QS-21 and another with aluminium hydroxide, and a live attenuated vaccine (strain 1B) were used. Non-vaccinated control mice died within the first 8 days, after displaying substantial loss of weight. Histologically, the mice showed lobar fibrinopurulent bronchointerstitial pneumonia. Prior immunization with QS-21 adjuvated vaccine or 1B vaccine presented mortality and the recipients showed a greater number of T cells in the lesions, especially CD8+ T cells, than the control mice and mice immunized with vaccine adjuvated with aluminium hydroxide. The results confirm that the C. abortus intranasal model of infection in mice is a useful tool for testing vaccines
Keywords :
Vaccine , Cellular immune response , Mouse model , adjuvants , Chlamydophila abortus
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