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Title of article :
Studies on bromination and evaporation of antimony oxide during thermal treatment of tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA)
Author/Authors :
Rzyman، نويسنده , , Micha? and Grabda، نويسنده , , Mariusz and Oleszek-Kudlak، نويسنده , , Sylwia and Shibata، نويسنده , , Etsuro and Nakamura، نويسنده , , Takashi، نويسنده ,
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Abstract :
In this paper the bromination reaction between antimony oxide (Sb2O3) and hydrobromic acid, originating from the thermal decomposition of tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), under inert and oxidative atmospheres was investigated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis and a laboratory-scale furnace. The results indicate that the bromination follows the decomposition of the TBBPA and takes place below 340 °C in the furnace and around 280 °C during DSC analysis. During thermal treatment of a mixture of TBBPA and Sb2O3 (2.82:1, w/w), it was observed that volatilization of the SbBr3 began immediately after its formation occurred at about 340 °C. The maximum amount of antimony converted into SbBr3 (above 60%) was obtained from runs conducted at temperatures between 440 and 650 °C. The main intermediate products found in the solid residue were Sb4O5Br2 and Sb8O11Br2, which then decompose to more stable compounds such as Sb2O3 at temperatures above 440 °C. Finally, when a temperature of 650 °C is reached, Sb2O3 undergoes a carbothermic reduction into metallic antimony. Additional experiments conducted at selected temperatures under an oxidative atmosphere (He + 5%O2) indicated that the presence of oxygen has only a small influence on the bromination reaction, however, these conditions may enhance the decomposition of TBBPA at 340 °C, which may result in enhanced evaporation of the formed SbBr3 at 340 °C.
Keywords :
Waste recycling , WEEE , Antimony recovery , TBBPA decomposition , thermal processes
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