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Title of article :
Wake-field generated by a line charge moving in the vicinity of a dielectric cylinder
Author/Authors :
Banna، نويسنده , , S. and Schنchter، نويسنده , , L. and Schieber، نويسنده , , D.، نويسنده ,
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Abstract :
The wake-field generated by a moving line charge in the vicinity of a dielectric cylinder is analyzed. It is shown that the emitted energy increases logarithmically with the kinetic energy (γ−1) of the line charge and decays exponentially as a function of the ratio h/R, where R is the cylinder radius and h is the distance of the line charge from the cylinderʹs axis. Upon investigation of the angular distribution of the radiated energy we found it to be almost uniform in the non-relativistic case, whereas for the relativistic case most of the emitted energy is radiated parallel to the direction of motion of the line charge. For a relativistic regime, the emitted energy is almost independent of the cylinder dielectric coefficient (εr) provided the latter is frequency-independent. Frequency dependence of εr reduces significantly the deceleration of the line charge. For the ultra-relativistic case the transverse kick is inversely proportional to the kinetic energy and, as expected, increases as the line charge gets closer to the cylinder. Finally, a finite size bunch has been considered. As the transverse width of the bunch is increased, the total emitted energy also increases and the spectrum is broadened.
Keywords :
Electron microscopy , Cherenkov radiation , Transition radiation , Wake-Field
Journal title :
Astroparticle Physics
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