Title of article :
N2O and NO production in various Chinese agricultural soils by nitrification
Cheng، نويسنده , , Weiguo and Tsuruta، نويسنده , , Haruo and Chen، نويسنده , , Guanxiong and Yagi، نويسنده , , Kazuyuki، نويسنده ,
Eleven types of agricultural soils were collected from Chinese uplands and paddy fields to compare their N2O and NO production by nitrification under identical laboratory conditions. Before starting the assays, all air-dried soils were preincubated for 4 weeks at 25 °C and 40% WFPS (water-filled pore space). The nitrification activities of soils were determined by adding (NH4)2SO4 (200 mg N kg−1 soil) and incubating for 3 weeks at 25 °C and 60% WFPS. The net nitrification rates obtained fitted one of two types of models, depending on the soil pH: a zero-order reaction model for acidic soils and one neutral soil (Group 0); or a first-order reaction model for one neutral soil and alkaline soils (Group 1). The results suggest that pH is the most important factor in determining the kinetics of soil nitrification from ammonium. In the Group 1 soils, initial emissions (i.e. during the first week) of N2O and NO were 82.6 and 83.6%, respectively, of the total emissions during 3 weeks of incubation; in the Group 0 soils, initial emissions of N2O and NO were 54.7 and 59.9%, respectively, of the total emissions. The net nitrification rate in the first week and second–third weeks were highly correlated with the initial and subsequent emissions (i.e. during the second and third weeks), respectively, of N2O and NO. The average percentages of emitted (N2O+NO)–N relative to net nitrification N in initial and subsequent periods were 2.76 and 0.59 for Group 0, and 1.47 and 0.44 for the Group 1, respectively. The initial and subsequent emission ratios of NO/N2O from Group 0 (acidic) soils were 3.77 and 2.52 times, respectively, higher than those from Group 1 soils (P<0.05).
Chinese agricultural soils , Nitric oxide , Nitrification , nitrous oxide , PH
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