Record number :
1986184
Title of article :
The incidence of plastic ingestion by fishes: From the prey’s perspective
Author/Authors :
Carson، نويسنده , , Henry S.، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2013
Pages :
5
From page :
170
To page :
174
Abstract :
One of the primary threats to ocean ecosystems from plastic pollution is ingestion by marine organisms. Well-documented in seabirds, turtles, and marine mammals, ingestion by fish and sharks has received less attention until recently. We suggest that fishes of a variety of sizes attack drifting plastic with high frequency, as evidenced by the apparent bite marks commonly left behind. We examined 5518 plastic items from random plots on Kamilo Point, Hawai’i Island, and found 15.8% to have obvious signs of attack. Extrapolated to the entire amount of debris removed from the 15 km area, over 1.3 tons of plastic is attacked each year. Items with a bottle shape, or those blue or yellow in color, were attacked with a higher frequency. The triangular edges or punctures left by teeth ranged from 1 to 20 mm in width suggesting a variety of species attack plastic items. More research is needed to document the specific fishes and rates of plastic ingestion.
Keywords :
fishes , Plastic ingestion , Marine debris , Hawai’i , Bite marks , Sharks
Journal title :
Marine Pollution Bulletin
Serial Year :
2013
Link To Document :
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