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Title of article :
Parasite communities in the red mullet, Mullus barbatus L., respond to small-scale variation in the levels of polychlorinated biphenyls in the Western Mediterranean
Author/Authors :
Carreras-Aubets، نويسنده , , Marta and Montero، نويسنده , , Francisco Esteban and Kostadinova، نويسنده , , Aneta and Carrassَn، نويسنده , , Maite، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2012
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Abstract :
We examined parasite populations and communities in the Mediterranean sentinel fish species, Mullus barbatus, sampled at a small-scale PCB gradient at the shelf sediments off Catalonian coasts of the Western Mediterranean. A recurrent feature at both the population and community level was the differentiation of the samples along the increasing PCB levels simultaneously registered in the sediments. Both directly transmitted ectoparasites and endoparasites with complex life-cycles transmitted via food chains exhibited a decrease in abundance with the increase in PCB levels. Parasite numerical responses translated into significant differences in infracommunity structure with decreasing predictability associated with increasing PCB levels. The abundance of two species, the specialist Opecoeloides furcatus and the generalist nematode Hysterothylacium fabri, contributed substantially to the observed dissimilarity between infracommunity samples along the gradient. The observed parasite responses to moderate levels of pollution were simultaneously validated by both chemical monitoring and effect biomarkers.
Keywords :
parasite communities , Similarity , Polychlorinated biphenyls , Western Mediterranean , Abundance , Mullus barbatus
Journal title :
Marine Pollution Bulletin
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