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Title of article :
Orientation and distance dependent chiral discrimination in the first step of the aminoacylation reaction: Integrated molecular orbital and semi-empirical method (ONIOM) based calculation
Author/Authors :
Banik، نويسنده , , S. Dutta and Nandi، نويسنده , , N.، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2009
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Abstract :
Aminoacylation is a vital step in natural biosynthesis process of peptide and is the key step in correlating the realm of protein with the RNA world. Incorrect aminoacylation might lead to misacylation of d-amino acid in the tRNA which might cause synthesis of a hetero-peptide rather than natural homopeptide leading to the altered functionality of the peptide. However, the accuracy of this process is remarkable and leads to the attachment of the correct enantiomer of the amino acid with their cognate tRNA. Thus, the chiral discrimination is stringent. In the present work, we presented a combined ONIOM (ab initio/semi-empirical) study of the chiral discrimination in the first step of aminoacylation reaction based on a model of crystal structure of the oligomeric complex of histidyl-tRNA synthetase (HisRS) from Escherichia coli complexed with ATP and histidinol and histidyl-adenylate. The study reveals that the molecular mechanism of the chiral discrimination involves the amino acid, ATP as well as surrounding residues of the synthetase. Several factors are noted to be responsible for discrimination and explain the high level of stereospecificity of the process. The chirality of the amino acid of the substrate and its (principally) electrostatic interaction with the ATP is important for discrimination. The distance and orientational changes involved in the approach of the d-His towards the ATP is energetically unfavorable. The charge distributions on the His and ATP are important for the discrimination. Removal of the charges in the model drastically reduces the discrimination. Restricted nature of the mutual orientation within the cavity of the active site where the His and ATP are located during the change in orientation for the approach to form the adenylate makes the resultant interaction profile as different for l-His and d-His also influences chiral discrimination. The analysis of the transition state structure revealed that alteration of the chirality of the His destabilize the transition state by removing the favorable electrostatic interaction between the Glu-83 and NH3+ group of the His substrate. The proximity of the surrounding residues as present in the active site of the synthetase with the His and ATP (the separation is of nanometer range) has influence of discrimination. The study provides a molecular mechanism of the retention of biological homochirality.
Keywords :
aminoacylation , Chirality , homochirality , ONIOM , Discrimination
Journal title :
Colloids and Surfaces B Biointerfaces
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