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Title of article :
Antiobese and hypocholesterolaemic effects of an Adenophora triphylla extract in HepG2 cells and high fat diet-induced obese mice
Author/Authors :
Choi، نويسنده , , Hyun-Jin and Chung، نويسنده , , Mi Ja and Ham، نويسنده , , Seung-Shi، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2010
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Abstract :
The ethyl acetate extract from Adenophora triphylla root (ATea) had strong antioxidant effect. We hypothesised that a high fat (HF) diet might induce oxidative stress and so, dietary antioxidant may have beneficial effects on hypercholesterolaemia, but the underlying mechanisms involved are not fully understood. To test this hypothesis, C57BL/6 mice were fed with HF diet for 9 weeks. In the last 4 weeks, the HF diet was supplemented with 0, 25 or 75 mg/kg ATea. ATea decreased body weight gain and both ATea doses significantly reduced the plasma and hepatic cholesterol levels of the obese mice. Analysis of the hepatic expression of proteins known to play important roles in cholesterol metabolism indicated that ATea significantly enhanced low density lipoprotein receptor (LDL receptor) and cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) expression but inhibited the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl–CoA reductase (HMG–CoA reductase) expression in HepG2 cells and mice. No mutagenic activity was observed at high doses of ATea.
Keywords :
Adenophora triphylla , Obesity , mice , antioxidant activity , Hypercholesterolaemia
Journal title :
Food Chemistry
Journal title :
Food Chemistry
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