Record number :
1952692
Title of article :
The nature of human aggression
Author/Authors :
Archer، نويسنده , , John، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2009
Pages :
7
From page :
202
To page :
208
Abstract :
Human aggression is viewed from four explanatory perspectives, derived from the ethological tradition. The first consists of its adaptive value, which can be seen throughout the animal kingdom, involving resource competition and protection of the self and offspring, which has been viewed from a cost–benefit perspective. The second concerns the phylogenetic origin of aggression, which in humans involves brain mechanisms that are associated with anger and inhibition, the emotional expression of anger, and how aggressive actions are manifest. The third concerns the origin of aggression in development and its subsequent modification through experience. An evolutionary approach to development yields conclusions that are contrary to the influential social learning perspective, notably that physical aggression occurs early in life, and its subsequent development is characterized by learned inhibition. The fourth explanation concerns the motivational mechanisms controlling aggression: approached from an evolutionary background, these mechanisms range from the inflexible reflex-like responses to those incorporating rational decision-making.
Keywords :
Evolution , Ethology , emotion , Development , motivation , Aggression
Journal title :
International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Serial Year :
2009
Link To Document :
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