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Title of article :
Detection of oyster habitat in tidal flats using multi-frequency polarimetric SAR data
Author/Authors :
Choe، نويسنده , , Byung-Hun and Kim، نويسنده , , Duk-jin and Hwang، نويسنده , , Ji-Hwan and Oh، نويسنده , , Yisok and Moon، نويسنده , , Wooil M. and Kim، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2012
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Abstract :
Exposed oyster reefs in tidal flats have complex and rough surfaces because of their unique surface texture, which are quite distinct from the surrounding mud or sand flats. Here we investigate the microwave signatures, backscattered from naturally distributed oyster reefs in tidal flats, utilizing the polarimetric analysis techniques to fully polarimetric RADARSAT-2 (C-band) and ALOS PALSAR (L-band) data. The study areas include the tidal flats around Jebu Island and Hampyung Bay on the west coast of the Korean peninsula. We analyzed the microwave scattering mechanisms associated with oyster reefs and surrounding areas using the polarimetric target decomposition theorem and quantitatively measu ρHHVV red target depolarization effects (the cross-polarized ratio (HV/VV), the co-polarized correlation coefficient (ρHHVV), and the co-polarized phase difference between HH and VV). On the basis of a large increase in the cross-polarized backscattering (HV) in the C-band SAR data, one can observe strong volume (or multiple) scattering and depolarization effects over oyster reefs areas, whereas only surface scattering was dominant in most parts of the background tidal areas. In oyster reefs, the proportion of volume scattering and the cross-polarized ratio were greater than 0.7 and −8 dB, respectively. These scattering characteristics were also verified from in-situ measurements in the field using a ground-based polarimetric scatterometer system. However, almost no difference was observed between the scattering signatures of oyster reefs and background mudflat areas from L-band data, which have a considerably longer wavelength than C-band. The study clearly suggests that multi-frequency (C- and L-band) polarimetric SAR systems can be used to detect the naturally distributed oyster reefs in tidal flats.
Keywords :
Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) , tidal flats , Polarization , multi-frequency SAR , oyster reefs
Journal title :
Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
Journal title :
Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
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