Chobotovل، نويسنده , , Veronika، نويسنده ,
This paper analyses the development and emergence of market based instruments for biodiversity conservation in Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries. The development of market-based instruments for biodiversity conservation has been receiving increased attention as a possible cheaper and more effective alternative to the global regulatory approach. The implementation of such instruments is particularly challenging in post-socialist countries, where the former state command-and-control economy disturbed the normal functioning of markets. Our analysis indicates that market-based instruments can increase the effectiveness of biodiversity conservation, but are not always suitable and appropriate. The following preconditions for the effective design of market-based instruments in CEE countries have been identified: clear property rights and decision making structure, transparent rules for information dissemination, and monitoring responsibilities. Our results show that the successful implementation of market-based instruments for biodiversity conservation in CEE countries is furthermore influenced by pre-existing formal and informal institutions, in which reputation and trust may play a role. However, market-based instruments should complement rather than substitute regulatory approaches, and in combination with traditional regulation, such can become critical in achieving the objectives of biodiversity conservation.
Central and Eastern Europe , Market-based instruments , institutions , biodiversity