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Title of article :
Extraction of extracellular lipids from chemoautotrophic bacteria Serratia sp. ISTD04 for production of biodiesel
Author/Authors :
Bharti، نويسنده , , Randhir K. and Srivastava، نويسنده , , Shaili and Thakur، نويسنده , , Indu Shekhar Thakur، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2014
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Abstract :
A CO2 sequestering bacterial strain, Serratia sp. ISTD04, that produces a significant amount of extracellular lipids was isolated from marble mine rocks. 14C labeling analysis revealed that the rate of assimilation of CO2 by the strain is 0.756 × 10−9 μmol CO2 fixed cell−1 h−1. It was found to produce 466 mg/l of extracellular lipid which was characterized using 1H NMR. After transesterification of lipids, the total saturated and unsaturated FAME was found to be 51% and 49% respectively. The major FAME contained in the biodiesel were palmitic acid methyl ester (C16:0), oleic acid methyl ester (C18:1) and 10-nonadecenoic acid methyl ester (C19:1). Biodiesel produced by Serratia sp. ISTD04 is balanced in terms of FAME composition of good quality. It also contained higher proportion of oleic acid (35%) which makes it suitable for utilization in existing engines. Thus, the strain can be harnessed commercially to sequester CO2 into biodiesel.
Keywords :
Transesterification processes , Extracellular lipids , biodiesel
Journal title :
Bioresource Technology
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