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Title of article :
Decreasing methane production in hydrogenogenic UASB reactors fed with cheese whey
Author/Authors :
Carrillo-Reyes، نويسنده , , Juliلn and Celis، نويسنده , , Lourdes B. and Alatriste-Mondragَn، نويسنده , , Felipe and Razo-Flores، نويسنده , , Elيas، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2014
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Abstract :
One of the problems in fermentative hydrogen producing reactors, inoculated with pre-treated anaerobic granular sludge, is the eventual methane production by hydrogen-consuming methanogens. In this study, strategies such as reduction of pH and HRT, organic shock loads and repeated biomass heat treatment were applied to hydrogenogenic UASB reactors fed with cheese whey, that showed methane production after certain time of continuous operation (between 10 and 60 days). The reduction of pH to 4.5 not only decreased methane production but also hydrogen production. Organic shock load (from 20 to 30 g COD/L-d) was the more effective strategy to decrease the methane production rate (75%) and to increase the hydrogen production rate (172%), without stopping reactor operation. Repeated heat treatment of the granular sludge was the only strategy that inhibited completely methane production, leading to high volumetric hydrogen production rates (1.67 L H2/L-d), however this strategy required stopping reactor operation; in addition homoacetogenesis, another hydrogen-consuming pathway, was not completely inhibited. This work demonstrated that it was possible to control the methane activity in hydrogen producing reactors using operational strategies.
Keywords :
biohydrogen , homoacetogenesis , Organic shock load , Methane , UASB , Heat treatment
Journal title :
Biomass and Bioenergy
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