Record number :
Title of article :
A thermodynamic analysis of waste heat recovery from reciprocating engine power plants by means of Organic Rankine Cycles
Author/Authors :
Uusitalo، نويسنده , , Antti and Honkatukia، نويسنده , , Juha and Turunen-Saaresti، نويسنده , , Teemu and Larjola، نويسنده , , Jaakko، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2014
Pages :
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Abstract :
Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) is a Rankine cycle using organic fluid as the working fluid instead of water and steam. The ORC process is a feasible choice in waste heat recovery applications producing electricity from relatively low-temperature waste heat sources or in applications having a rather low power output. Utilizing waste heat from a large high-efficiency reciprocating engine power plant with ORC processes is studied by means of computations. In addition to exhaust gas heat recovery, this study represents and discusses an idea of directly replacing the charge air cooler (CAC) of a large turbocharged engine with an ORC evaporator to utilize the charge air heat in additional power production. A thermodynamic analysis for ORCs was carried out with working fluids toluene, n-pentane, R245fa and cyclohexane. The effect of different ORC process parameters on the process performance are presented and analyzed in order to investigate the heat recovery potential from the exhaust gas and charge air. A simplified feasibility consideration is included by comparing the ratio of the theoretical heat transfer areas needed and the obtained power output from ORC processes. The greatest potential is related to the exhaust gas heat recovery, but in addition also the lower temperature waste heat streams could be utilized to boost the electrical power of the engine power plant. A case study for a large-scale gas-fired engine was carried out showing that the maximum power increase of 11.4% was obtained from the exhaust gas and 2.4% from the charge air heat.
Keywords :
Combined cycle , Waste heat utilization , Organic working fluid , Thermodynamic optimization
Journal title :
Applied Thermal Engineering
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Link To Document :