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Title of article :
Reproductive biology and conservation implications of three endangered snapdragon species (Antirrhinum, Plantaginaceae)
Author/Authors :
Carriَ، نويسنده , , Elena and Jiménez، نويسنده , , Juan F. and Sلnchez-Gَmez، نويسنده , , Pedro and Güemes، نويسنده , , Jaime، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2009
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Abstract :
About 32% of Antirrhinum species are considered to be endangered; however, no field studies have focused on their reproductive biology. In this work, several aspects of the reproductive biology (flowering phenology, floral biology, breeding system) and potential limits on seed quantity and quality (pollen limitation, inbreeding depression) were studied in natural populations of three endangered species of the genus (Antirrhinum charidemi, Antirrhinum subbaeticum, Antirrhinum valentinum). Results disclose that all three species need insect visitors for seed production since fruit set after autonomous self-pollination was lower than under hand cross-pollination. A. charidemi and A. valentinum were mainly self-incompatible, whereas A. subbaeticum was self-compatible but herkogamous. Supplementary pollination in open-pollinated flowers only increased fruit set and seed set relative to controls in a given population of A. valentinum. Preliminary data on inbreeding depression at early life-cycle stages of the self-compatible A. subbaeticum revealed that the cumulative level was low. Despite the three species being closely related and sharing many ecological characteristics, they show different mating systems, and different factors limit seed quantity and quality. Thus, caution should be taken when making a common conservation plan for a group of closely related taxa.
Keywords :
Antirrhinum subbaeticum , Antirrhinum valentinum , Conservation , mating system , Pollen limitation , Antirrhinum charidemi , Inbreeding depression
Journal title :
Biological Conservation
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