Title of article :
Comparison of direct coronary stenting with and without balloon predilatation in patients with stable angina pectoris
Carrié، نويسنده , , Didier and Khalifé، نويسنده , , Khalifé and Citron، نويسنده , , Bernard and Izaaz، نويسنده , , Karl and Hamon، نويسنده , , Martial and Juiliard، نويسنده , , Jean Michel and Leclercq، نويسنده , , Florence and Fourcade، نويسنده , , Joelle and Lipiecki، نويسنده , , Janus and Sabatier، نويسنده , , Rémi and Boulet، نويسنده , , Vincent and Rinaldi، نويسنده , , Jean-Pierre and Moural، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2001
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of stent placement with and without balloon predilatation on duration of the procedure, reduction of procedure-related costs, and clinical outcomes. Although preliminary trials of direct coronary stenting have demonstrated promising results, the lack of randomized studies with long-term follow-up has limited the critical evaluation of the role of direct stenting in the treatment of obstructive coronary artery disease. Between January and September 1999, 338 patients were randomly assigned to either direct stent implantation (DS+; 173 patients) or standard stent implantation with balloon predilatation (DS−; 165 patients). Baseline clinical and angiographic characteristics were similar in the 2 groups. Procedural success was achieved in 98.3% of patients assigned to DS+ and 97.5% of patients assigned to DS− (p = NS), with a crossover rate of 13.9%. Compared with DS−, DS+ conferred a dramatic reduction in procedure-related cost ($956.4 ± $352.2 vs $1,164.6 ± $383.9, p <0.0001) and duration of the procedure (424.2 ± 412.1 vs 634.5 ± 390.1 seconds, p <0.0001). At 6-month follow-up, the incidence of major adverse cardiac events including death, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, repeat angioplasty, or coronary artery bypass graft surgery was 5.3% in DS+ and 11.4% in DS− (p = NS). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that major adverse cardiac events rates were related to stent length of 10 mm (relative risk [RR] 3.25, 95% confidence intervals [CI] 1.36 to 7.78; p = 0.008), stent diameter of 3 mm (RR 2.69, 95% CI 1.03 to 7.06; p = 0.043), and complex lesion type C (RR 2.83, 95% CI 1.02 to 7.85; p = 0.045). Thus, in selected patients, this prospective randomized study shows the feasibility of DS+ with reduction in procedural cost and length, and without an increase in in-hospital clinical events and major adverse cardiac events at 6-month follow-up.
Journal title :
American Journal of Cardiology